≡ Menu

Why and How to Attract Bumblebees to the Garden

Bumblebee

Bumblebee

The fuzzy looking black and yellow bumblebees are the gentle giants of my garden and I enjoy them in the morning as I work among them and the plants. Once in a while I make the mistake of grabbing one of them when I pull out a weed they are visiting and I get a sharp reminder that I must be more careful but usually they go about their business around me. I am lucky that I have only a slight reaction to bumble stings because I know how terrible stings can be to others and I regret that they cannot enjoy these bees as I do.

Enjoyment of these wonderful bees is only one of the reasons for having them in the garden. They are excellent pollinators of many fruits and vegetables including raspberries, cranberries, peppers, squash, blueberries, and strawberries and actually are better than honeybees at pollinating tomatoes and eggplants. An individual bumblebee can carry more pollen than an honeybee but honeybees live in colonies of 10,000-30,000 bees while bumblebee colonies have only 50-500 bees so overall honeybees are considered more effective pollinators.

Bumblebee nest

Bumblebee nest

Bumblebees are like their close relatives the honeybees in several ways. Both are social insects that live in a colony with one egg laying queen and many workers that are the daughters of the queen. During mating season drones are produced. Both kinds of bees produce honey but bumblebees have much less and do not have flat vertical combs. Bumblebees can get to work earlier in the morning than most insects because they can shiver their flight muscles to keep warm but they have a shorter life span because all but the queen die in the cold months. In the spring the queen goes alone in search of a new site and usually finds one in a clump of grass or in a cavity in the ground made by another animal. A mouse nest is a favorite.

I want to encourage bumblebee colonies in my garden and so I try to avoid disturbing areas that might have nests. I also grow plants that attract them and provide the nectar they need. They are especially fond of purple, blue, and yellow flowers; some species have long tongues and need flowers with long tubes of petals like clovers, vetches, and thistles. In spring, rhododendrons, azaleas, willow, and beardstongue (Penstemon spp) bloom, while in summer, Salvia farinacea ‘Victoria’, Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum), bee balm (Monarda fistulosa, Joe-pye weed (Eupatorium maculatum, aster, and goldenrod (Solidago spp) do so. The dahlias and zinnias in my garden provide resting spots for bumblebees in late afternoon and evening after a hard day’s work.

Critters in the garden pointer