This native of eastern United States is a slow growing perennial and forms attractive clumps that are evergreen in zones 7 and warmer. The bluish green leaves are mottled with silvery dots and have scalloped margins that are coarsely toothed. Spikes 1-4 inches of small pink to white fragrant flowers appear in mid spring with male flowers at the top and female flowers below. Stems are fleshy and the root system is stoloniferous. Much less invasive than its cousin, Asiatic Pachysandra terminalis. Allegheny spurge makes an excellent groundcover for a shrub border or massed in a woodland setting.
Bloom: Spikes 1-4 inches tall of small pink to white fragrant flowers appear in mid-spring
Size: 6-12” H x 12” W
Light: Dense to light shade
Soil: Average, well-drained, acidic ; tolerates all but very dry soils
Hardiness: Zones 5-9
Care: Low maintenance
Pests and Diseases: Susceptible to slugs, snails, stem rot, and leaf spot.
Propagation: Division; softwood cuttings in early summer
Companion plants: Trillium, Solomon’s seal, jack in the pulpit, ferns.