Siberian columbine is a herbaceous perennial native to central Asia and Siberia. It is a member of the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, that also includes delphinium, anemone, and monkshood. The compact plants have biternate blue-green basal leaves, with arrow leaflets. The nodding to semi-erect flowers appear in the spring and have spreading sepals and very short reflexed spurs. The flowers are bright blue,1 ¾ inches long and give way to small dull black seeds. Plants self-seed but also hybridize easily so seed may not breed true. The variety jacunda is a bit smaller in size and has white petals surrounded by blue sepals. At twelve inches high Siberian columbine is a good choice for the rock garden as well as the front of the border. It is also useful in woodland gardens with dappled shade.
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Bloom: Bright blue nodding to semi erect flowers with very short reflexed spurs in spring
Size: 12” H x 12” W
Light: Part shade to full sun
Soil: Average, moderately moist, well-drained
Hardiness: Zones 3-8
Care: Deadhead to prolong bloom. Cut down to ground level when foliage becomes ratty to refresh.
Pests and Diseases: Leaf minors, columbine borer
Companion Plants: Cranesbills (Geranium spp.), evening primrose (Oenothera spp.) iris, peonies, Amsonia spp., Baptisia spp., daffodils