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Plant Profile: Coyote Brush (Baccharis pilularis)

Coyote_brush WikipediaThis evergreen shrub is native to coastal California and Oregon and is found in chaparral but often used as a ground cover and to stabilize slopes. The plant grows up to two feet tall, spreads six feet or more, and is densely covered with glossy green leaves that are fire-retardant. Male and female flowers are produce in separate plants and bloom from summer into fall and are an important source of nectar for bees, predatory wasps, and butterflies. After blooming the female flowers have messy, cottony seeds from late fall into winter, so male plants are preferred for landscaping. The plant is drought and salt tolerant, and can grow in many climates and soil types but prefers full sun and well-drained soils. It only needs watering during hot, dry summers. The genus name Baccharis refers to the Roman god of wine and vegetation; the species name pilularis refers to the pill shaped flower heads.  The specific epithet, pilularis, comes from the  Latin word ‘pilula’ which means “a little ball” in reference to the flower buds. 

Type: Evergreen shrub and ground cover

Outstanding Feature: Salt and drought tolerance; dense, attractive foliage

Form: Rounded mound

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate

Bloom: White or yellow male and female flowers are produced on separate flowers in summer into fall.

Size: 2’ H x 6-10’ W

Light: Full sun to dappled shade

Soil: Average, well-drained

Hardiness: Zones 8-10

Care: Old woody branches and upright stems should be pruned in late fall.

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seeds, softwood cuttings in summer

Outstanding Selections:

    • ‘Twin Peaks” (smaller dark green leaves)

    ‘Pigeon Point’ (lighter green leaves).

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