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Plant Profile: Heart-Leaf Alexander (Zizia aptera)

This short-lived perennial is a native of moist to seasonable wet meadows and open woods from the Canadian border to Florida, west to Nevada. Its bright yellow flowers are borne in flat clusters on sparingly branched plants that brighten late spring gardens while its attractive heart-shaped basal leaves are attractive all season long and turn wine-colored in fall. Black swallowtail larvae are particularly fond of the foliage. Heart-leaf Alexander is very easy to grow, adapting to a wide range of soil and light conditions.

Type: Herbaceous perennial

Bloom: Tiny lemon-yellow flowers are borne in umbels 2-3” across in late spring.

Foliage: Basal leaves are cordate or broadly ovate; upper leaves are smaller and often compound with each leaflet being lobed.

Size: 1-3’ H x 1-2’ W

Light: Full sun to light shade

Soil: Average-humus-rich, moist-wet, acidic to neutral but tolerates less; is drought tolerant once established

Hardiness: Zones 3-8

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Division in spring or fall; stratified seeds in fall but germination is often low; needs cool soil for best results.

Companion plants: Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis), Canadian anemone (Anemone Canadensis), spiderwort (Tradescantia virginiana), Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum)

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