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Plant Profile: Partridge-Breast (Aloe variegata aka Gonialoe variegata)

This evergreen succulent perennial is also known as tiger aloe and is  a member of Asphodelaceae family that also includes daylily (Hemerocallis), red hot poker (Kniphofia), and foxtail lily (Eremurus).   It is indigenous to arid and semi-arid regions of South Africa and Namibia where it grows in hard ground,  rocky crevices, and between rocks as well as in some sandy soils.   Plants grow up to 1′ tall and wide and form stemless rosettes of 18-24 triangular-lanceolate leaves that are 4-6″ long and 3-ranked.  The leaves have small white teeth on their white horney margins and are  dark green variegated by whitish spots that form irregular bands. They may take on a reddish color when water is lacking.    In winter short, stout, mostly branched stems give rise to pendent flowers that are up to 18″ long and are usually orange with green edges but may be red or rarely yellow.   Plants are especially drought resistant and a good choice for difficult areas where moisture is lacking.  Partridge-breast is popular as a houseplant  for its winter bloom but care must be taken not to over-water.  The genus name, Aloe, is the Arabic name for the plant.  The specific epithet, variegata, is the Latin word meaning variegated and refers to the appearance of the leaves.

Type: Evergreen, succulent perennial

Bloom: Eighteen inch long orange to red flowers on short mostly branched stems in winter

Size: 1′ H x 1″ W

Light: Partial shade

Soil: Fertile, dry, very well-drained

Hardiness: Zones 9-11

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: None of significance but over watering can produce root rot and death.

Propagation: Seed, division of offsets

Companion Plants: Blue chalk stick,  Aeoniums, Sedums

Photo Credit: Wikipedia