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Plant Profile: Wood Anemone (Anemone nemorosa)

Anemone-nemerosa-RobinsonianaAlso known as windflower, this anemone is an herbaceous perennial native to northern and central Europe where it grows in deciduous woodlands. The plants spread by creeping rhizomes and can carpet the floor before the trees leaf out. The three-part dark green leaves are produced in late winter to early spring and die in the summer. The flowers have six to seven petal-like tepals that can be white tinged with pink or lavender, and yellow stamens surrounding green stigmas. Each flower is about “¾” to “1 ½ “ wide and is produced singly on a short stem just above the foliage in spring. Plants go dormant in summer when the temperatures rise which is signaled the yellowing of the foliage. Many good cultivars are available that vary primarily in color but also in number and size of petals. Good for naturalizing.

Type: Herbaceous perennial

Bloom: Single, white, pink, lavender, or blue flowers about “¾” to “1 ½ “ in spring on short stalks.

Size: 6” H 12” W

Light: Sun to partial shade

Soil: Rich, organic, medium moist, well-drained

Hardiness: Zones 4-8

Care: Keep weed free and top dress in autumn will well rotted compost

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seed, division in late summer or autumn

Companion plants: Narcissus

Outstanding Selections:

    ‘Alba Plena’ – (double white)
    ‘Robinsoniana’ (large, wisteria blue flowers)
    Royal Blue’ (deepest blue)
    ‘Bowel’ Purple (purple flowers)

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