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Plant Profile: Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

LotusThe sacred lotus, also known as Indian lotus, is an aquatic perennial native to tropical Asia and Australia. It has been cultivated in China for over 3000 years for its ornamental, medicinal and culinary value. It has symbolic meaning in both Hinduism and Buddhism and is the national flower of India and Vietnam. Seeds are very long lived and 1300 year old seeds found in China have been germinated. The cup-shaped pink or white flowers are eight to twelve inches across and are produced on erect stems above the foliage. They open during the day and close at night over a period of about three days. In the center of each flower is an inverse-cone receptacle two the three inches across that bears the nut-like seeds. The receptacle, which differentiates lotus from water lily, becomes woody and is valued for dried arrangements. The green waxy leaves of the sacred lotus are up to two feet across and are held above the surface of the water on stems (petioles) up to 6 feet long that are attached to the center of the leaf-back. The plant is anchored in the mud by a rhizome that spread and form colonies. Sacred lotus is suitable for the margin of a pond or other body of water. It is often planted in containers so the plants can easily be moved for aesthetic or practical reasons.

Type: Aquatic perennial

Lotus 3Bloom: Cup-shaped, pink or white flowers, 8-12” across in summer

Size: 3-6’ H x 3-4’ W

Light: Full sun

Soil: Organically rich, calm water

lotus Nelumbo nucifera 'Lutea' podsHardiness: Zones 4-10

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: None of significance; susceptible to aphids and red spider mites.

Propagation: Seed

Companion plants: Water lilies, cannas.

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