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Plant Profile: Goat’s Beard (Aruncus dioicus)

Aruncus_dioicus_Wikimedia Commons AnnelisThis shrub-like herbaceous perennial, also known as bride’s feather, is native to North America, and northern Europe and Asia where it grows in moist woodlands.  .  It is a member of the rose family, Rosaceae, that also includes apples, Pyrocantha, and meadowsweet. The dark green leaves are two to three foot long and tri-pinnately compound. In early to mid-summer creamy white male and female flowers appear in open plumes on different plants and are one to two feet long. Male plumes are more upright, brighter white, and are feathery because of their numerous stamens. The flowers attract butterflies and the plant serves as a larval host for dusky azure. Goats beard is a good back of the border plant where it has plenty of room to develop into a large clump. For smaller gardens the three foot tall cultivar ‘Kneiffii’ may be more suitable. Goat’s beard grows well in a variety of soil and light conditions but needs some afternoon shade and plenty of water in the southern part of its range.

Type: Herbaceous perennial

Bloom: One to two foot long plumes of male or female flowers on different plants in early to mid-summer

Size: 4-6’ H x 4-6’ W

Light: Full sun to part shade

Soil: Fertile, moderate moist but tolerates less

Hardiness: Zones 3-7

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seed, division in spring

Companion plants: Ferns, hosta, Virginia bluebells, Jacob’s ladder, woodland phlox, bergenia, black cohosh, monkshood and common foxglove.

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