Golden Alexander is a short lived herbaceous perennial and a member of the carrot family, Apiaceae, that also includes parsley, celery, and poison hemlock.  It is a native  native to open woods, floodplains, meadows, thickets, and prairies from Quebec and Saskatchewan, south to Florida and Texas.  Plants grows 1.5’ to 3’ tall from a coarsely fibrous root system and have bight green hairless stems and compound biternate leaves with 3-5 toothed leaflets.  In late spring tiny yellow flowers appear in terminal flat-topped umbels 2-3″ across. but unlike the flowers of other plants in the carrot family, the central flower of the umbel is stalkless.  Although plants are short lived they reseed heavily.   A good choice for a wildflower garden, meadow garden, or native plant garden.  The genus name, Zizia, honors the German botanist Johann Baptist Ziz (1779-1829). The specific epithet, aurea, is the Latin word meaning golden and refers to the color of the flowers.

Type: Short-lived herbaceous perennial

Bloom: Umbels 2-3″ across of tiny yellow flowers in late spring

Size: 1.5-3′ H x 1.5-2′ W

Light: Sun to part sun

Soil: Average, medium moist, well-dained

Hardiness: Zones 3-8

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seed

Companion Plants: Wild hyacinth, foxglove beardtongue, midland shooting star

Family: Apiaceae

Native Range: Eastern Canada to southern United States
Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 1.50 to 3.00 feet
Spread: 1.50 to 2.00 feet
Bloom Time: May to June
Bloom Description: Yellow
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Naturalize, Rain Garden
Flower: Showy, Good Cut

By Karen