Also called wild carrot, bird’s nest, and bishop’s lace, this herbaceous biennial is a member of the parsley family, Apiaceae, that also includes celery, dill, and poison hemlock.  It is also the plant from which all cultivated carrots were cultivated.  A native of Europe, southwest Asia, and North Africa it naturalized in North America where it became invasive  and now can be found in open grasslands, meadows, roadsides, abandon fields, waste areas, and degraded prairies.  Plants grow 24-48″ tall and have leaves that are roughly triangular in shape, tripinnate, and finely divided.  The small cream-colored flowers are carried in dense flat  terminal umbels 3-4″  across from May to October. Some flowerheads have a single red to purple flower in the center which is believed to attract insects. As the flower heads mature they curl up to form a bird’s nest like structure. Care should be taken when handling the plant because the leaves can cause skin irritation in susceptible individuals. The genus name, Daucus,  is the ancient Latin word for carrot.  The specific epithet, carota, comes from the Greek word karoton meaning carrot.

Type: Biennial.


Bloom: Tiny white flowers are borne in umbels up to 3” across May to October. Some flower heads have a single purple flower in the center.

Size: 24-48” H x 12” W.

Light: Full sun to partial shade.

Soil: Tolerant of many soil types and is common in roadsides and fields in many parts of the country.

Fertilizer: An organic mulch will provide all that is needed.

Hardiness: Zones 3-9.

Care: In some areas it may become invasive and must be removed by digging out the tap root and collecting seed heads before they ripen.

Pests and Diseases: None of importance.

Bird's nest seed pod
Bird’s nest seed pod

Propagation: Collect seed when seed heads (called bird’s nests) turn brown.

Companion plants: Queen Anne’s Lace is a wild flower and so can be nicely combined with other such plants like grasses, black eyed Susan, butterfly weed, golden rod, coneflower, thistle, and common mullein.

Comments: Caterpillars of the Eastern Black Swallowtail butterfly eat its leaves and bees and other insects use its nectar.

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By Karen

2 thoughts on “Plant Profile: Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)”
  1. I love Queen Anne’s lace and am happy to have her given her due in a post of her own. Your bouquet combination sounds excellent, and you’ve given a lot of great cultural info.

    I will just point out that, though QAL is wild, it’s certainly not native; some people may want to make that distinction. And that little purple heart? I was told that it’s in every QAL flower, and every time I’ve looked it has been. Is your experience different?

  2. You are so right about QAL not being native and thanks for making the distinction between native and wild. The Encyclopedia Britannica describes it as “Eurasian in origin….almost cosomopolitan in range.” It was named for a queen of England, but there is disagree as to which one. Some say it was Anne (1574 – 1619), the first Stuart Queen Anne, who was brought over from Denmark at age 14 to be a Queen to King James of Scotland. Others claim it was Anne (1665 – 1714), the daughter of William and Mary, and the last monarch in the Stuart line. Some flowers lack the center dark flower; I just checked my bouquet and it contains flowers with and without it. The literature on QAL confirms that observation. Perhaps it is a regional variation.

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