Snake flower is an evergreen perennial and is a member of the Asphodelaceae that also includes aloe, torch lily (Kniphofia), and foxtail lily (Eremus).  It is native to southern Africa where it grows in dry, sandy or rocky areas. Plants have rhizomes that produce sprays of fleshy, gray-green leaves 8 to 12″ long and form quickly form clumps.  The starry yellow 1″ flowers appear in slender racemes from spring to summer and  have 6 tepals and  stamens with hairy filaments.  In hot climates plants may go into summer dormancy and return in the fall. Snake flower is drought tolerant and an excellent choice for xeriscaping;  it works well as a groundcover, and in borders and containers. The generic name, Bulbine, comes from the Greek word bolbos, meaning bulb and mistakenly refers to the reproductive structure of the plant which is actually a corm. The specific epithet, frutescens, comes from the Latin word frutex, meaning shrubby and refers to the appearance of the plant.

Type: Herbaceous perennial

Bloom: Starry yellow 1″  flowers in slender racemes with 6 tepals and  stamens with hairy filaments from spring to summer

Size: 18-24″ H x 18-24″ W

Light:Full sun but tolerates some shade.

Soil:Average to lean, dry, well-drained

Hardiness: Zones 8-11

Care: Deadhead to promote flowering

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seed, stem cuttings, division

Companion Plants: Agapanthus, lavender, Euphorbia myrsinites, kangaroo pawk agave attenuata, Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’

Outstanding Selections: ‘Hallmark’ (orange flowers)


Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons


By Karen