Fir Silver Abies veitchii HeddergottA native of Japan where it grows in wet forest in cool, moist soil, Veitch’s Silver Fir is a conical evergreen tree with horizontal branches to the ground. The densely arranged needles are bluish-green with silver undersides and are up to one inch long. Small male and female cones are produced in late spring on the same tree and the seed cones are large, conical, and blue-violet. The bark is smooth and gray. Veitch’s Silver Fir is an attractive specimen tree and good in a park or campus setting. Although the tree is relatively shade tolerant it is not pollution tolerant, and is short-lived. It is sometimes grown as a Christmas tree.

Type: Evergreen tree

Outstanding Feature: Conical form

Form: Conical

Growth Rate: Medium to fast

abies veitchii cones 2Bloom: Small male and female cones produced on the same tree in late spring; blue-violet conical seed cones 2-3” long

Size: 50-75’ H x 25-35’W

Light: Prefers full sun but tolerates shade

Soil: Average, moist, well-drained, acidic; does not tolerate high pH; sandy to clay soil suitable

Hardiness: Zones 3-6

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: None of significance

Propagation: Seed; stratification improves germination.

Outstanding Selections:

    ‘Hedergott” (very dwarf and low spreading)
    ‘Rumburg’/’Rumburk’ (cushion-shaped; dense, light blue needles)

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By Karen