Also known as agarwood, this large evergreen tree is native to Northeast India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and parts of Southeast where it grows as an undercanopy tree mainly in the plains but also on hillsides and rideges, and by rivers and streams.  It is a member the Thymelaeaceae family that also includes Daphne. The trees  have a straight fluted stem and grow up to 160′ tall but are usually about 6o’.  The glossy leaves are  2-3.5″ long leaves and linear-lanceolate to ovate-oblong.  Small, inconspicuous,  greenish yellow flowers appear on shortly peduncled umbels on the younger branches.  The fruits are yellowish capsules.  The tree is highly valued for  a variety of uses especialy its aromatice resin which is used in perfumery.  Other uses include as incense, medicine, paper, and flavoring for curry.  Heavy exploitation has led to to the fear that the tree could become extinct.  The genus name, Aquilaria, comes from the Latin word aquila, meaning eagle.  The specific epithet, agallocha, comes from a Latinized form of an ancient word meaning resinous.

Type: Tropical evergreen tree

Outstanding Feature: Resinous wood

Form: Oval

Growth Rate: Slow

Bloom: Umbels of inconspicuous yellow green flowers

Size: 66-160′ H

Light: Full sun

Soil: Average, moist soil with high rainfall and humidity

Hardiness: Zones  12-13

Care: Low maintenance

Pests and Diseases: Cytosphaera mangiferae, boring insects

Propagation: Seed (viable for only about a month)

Outstanding Selections: Not available

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

By Karen